TR Emeritus (TRE, formerly Temasek Review then Temasek Review TR Emeritus) is a socio-political blog and one of the alternative media that emerged in Singapore in the 2000s. Though it declared itself to be neither “pro-Opposition” or “pro-Government”, the Malaysian newspaper The Star recognised it to have Opposition sympathies. According to SPH-owned The New Paper, “News website Temasek Review has earned a reputation for its sharply critical views of the Government,”and the Jakarta Globe described the Temasek Review as “one of Singapore’s few independent web sites”.
It was founded in 2004 as Wayang Party and renamed Temasek Review in 2009. In late 2010, it was involved in a dispute with government-linked corporation Temasek Holdings over its name. Temasek Holdings argued that Temasek Review had been used as the name of the company’s annual report since 2004 and that the Javanese word Temasek was “indisputably associated with Temasek” and that the website “was just trying to capitalise on the goodwill and reputation” linked to it. The website was renamed Temasek Review TR Emeritus on 25 May 2011.Facing restrictions in both income and contributors, and unable to upgrade hardware to cope with increasing demand, the site’s editor Amanda Tan announced on 7 April 2011 that it would close in July. She acknowledged the existence of pressure from the Government, but said that its effects were minimal and there had been no direct official request to close. Ang Peng Hwa, professor of journalism at Nanyang Technological University, described the closure as “definitely a loss for the blogsphere and also for critical discourse in Singapore”.
In late April 2011, Temasek Review survived a distributed denial of service (DDOS) attack during the height of the 2011 general elections campaign coverage. The Temasek Review had previously suffered other DDOS attacks, as part of a pattern of attacks against “two of Singapore’s most popular and outspoken websites” (the other being the The Online Citizen). These attacks were, according to The Star, suspected by some to be “possibly by the ruling party’s youth wing”. Nevertheless, Temasek Review was recorded by Experian Hitwise as receiving a significant proportion of internet traffic from search engines during the campaign.
In August 2011, Tan announced that the website had gained additional financial support and that the team behind it intended to keep it running for at least five years. Recognising that the site had been accused of being anti-PAP, she also pledged “to improve and try to balance the articles on our site to cater to readers from all camps,” aiming to be “by Singaporeans for Singaporeans”.
Temasek Review TR Emeritus was taken offline without explanation on 5 September 2011. It returned as TR Emeritus on 18 December 2011 with a new banner describing the site as TR Emeritus: The Voice of Singaporeans for Singapore. The shortened name was chosen to avoid copyright complications with Temasek Holdings
TR EMERITUS Terms Of Service:TR Emeritus (TRE) is an internet-based online information and communication service (the “Service”). Please read this online service agreement (this “Agreement”) before using the service. By continuing to use TRE, you agree to abide by the terms and conditions of this agreement.
TR EMERITUS General rules:By registering for or using the service, you agree to be bound by all of the terms of this agreement throughout the process and use of the service. TRE (”tremeritus.com” or “We”, “Us”), reserve the right to modify the terms of this agreement or any features of the service at any time. Such modification shall be effective immediately upon either posting of the modified agreement or feature, as the case may be, or notifying you. You agree to review this agreement periodically to ensure that you are aware of any modifications. Your continued access or use of the service shall be deemed your conclusive acceptance of the modified agreement. TRE may also impose limits on certain features and services or restrict your access to parts or all of the service without notice or liability.
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